IVF(In Vitro Fertilisation) is a procedure,used to overcome fertility problems and involves the fertilization of an egg (or eggs) outside the body.The fertilized egg (embryo) grows in the laboratory for some days before being transferred into the woman”s uterus.
The treatment can be performed using your own eggs and sperm or using either donated sperm or donated eggs, or both.
• Both fallopian tubes are blocked
• Problems with the sperm but not severe enough to require ICSI
• Previous unsuccessful IUIs
• Unexplained Infertility
You will be given a fertility hormone known as gonadotrophin to increase the number of eggs you produce.
You will usually take this as a daily injection for around 10 – 12 days. Another drug is also added to avoid ovulation.
The doctors of our clinic will monitor your progress throughout the stimulation with vaginal ultrasound scans and blood tests.
Collecting and fertilizing the eggs
Your eggs are collected using ultrasound guidance while you are sedated.
A hollow needle is attached to the ultrasound probe and is used to collect the eggs from the follicles on each ovary.
At the same day your husband will be asked to give a sperm sample.
Your eggs will be mixed with your partner’s sperm and cultured in the laboratory for 16 – 20 hours after which they are checked for signs of fertilization.The fertilized eggs ( embryos) will be grown in the laboratory incubator and the embryologist will monitor them to choose the best for the transfer.
Fertilized embryos are transferred to the woman”s uterus in a simple procedure called embryo transfer.This is a pain –free procedure and lasts a few minutes.
The transfer takes place after two to three days when the embryos have reached the cleavage stage or up to six days later at the blastocyst stage. To avoid the risks associated with multiple pregnancy two or three embryos are transferred depending on the age of the woman.You may choose single embryo transfer(SET) if you feel it is the best option for you.Any remaining embryos of good quality can be frozen for future use.
In our clinic we prefer to transfer embryo at the blastocyst stage to improve chances of pregnancy after single or double embryo transfer
IVF treatment options
Natural cycle IVF
In natural cycle IVF the one egg you produce during your monthly cycle is collected and fertilized. No drugs are used in this treatment
Mild stimulation IVF
In this case a woman takes a lower dose of fertility drugs over a shorter period of time than with conventional IVF.
In vitro maturation (IVM)
In this procedure immature eggs are removed from the ovaries.They are then matured in the laboratory before being transferred.