When to seek advice

The term “infertility” is used to describe the inability to achieve pregnancy after 1 year (12 months) of having regular, unprotected intercourse.

Scheduling a pregnancy can be hard. If you are ready to become parents, but are having problems in achieving pregnancy, it may be time to seek advice from a fertility specialist.

Infertility is not just a woman’s problem. Men may also encounter infertility problems. For a couple to seek advice about the assisted reproduction process, the following criteria must apply:

  • The couple must be trying to get pregnant for at least 12 months (if the woman’s age is over 36 years the period is limited to 6-8 months)
  • The couple must have unprotected intercourse.
  • The frequency of intercourse should every 2 to 3 days throughout the cycle.
  • There must be a history of miscarriages.

The term “infertility” makes sense only when all the chances for natural conception have been exhausted and the criteria mentioned above apply. That is when the couple must start investigating their infertility. This investigation must start after at least 12 months of trying, unless there is a pre-existing medical reason.

If a couple has an obvious medical problem that affects their ability to conceive, such as absence of period, sexual dysfunction, history of pelvic inflammatory disease or previous surgery, the infertility evaluation must begin straight away.

Note that in the cases of women over 36 years of age, given that the chances of natural conception decline, the investigation of infertility causes must begin earlier than the 12 months. In these cases, it is recommended that medical advice is sought after 6-8 months of unsuccessful attempts. Early detection of possible causes that may hinder conception will help you choose the right treatment in peace and have greater chances of a successful pregnancy.

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